This module will focus on the fundamental principles of urban design and planning. It will enable students to understand and appreciate the issues and process of urban design & planning. The module introduces students to the concepts of urban form, urban function, urban change and how urban spaces are designed through different urban design models. The module will include the study of the western urban development in general and of Singapore. It will examine the driving force behind urban transformation. Important urban design models will be introduced, including the traditional city, medieval city, garden city, modern city and ecological city.