Turning Points in the History of Mathematics

Mathematics is probably the oldest intellectual enterprise of humanity. From its earliest beginnings in various ancient cultures, it has developed into the language of science and of a large part of rational thinking. How mathematics has developed into its present stage raises some intriguing and fascinating questions. Is its development an inevitable outcome of human evolution? Are there turning points in the history of mathematics that are crucial for its development? How has the development of mathematics been affected by other areas of human activity?

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