The module adopts the approach of literary criticism. It looks at modern Malay literature both in terms of literary creativity as well as ideas and content. This evaluation is set against the social-historical background which had inspired and shaped that literature, bringing out the contextual meanings of major works in modern Malay literature. A general assessment of modern Malay literature would be attempted, examining its role, achievement and direction for the future. This module is designed for students interested in literature and the sociology and history of ideas.