The module studies the development of modern Indonesian literature, highlighting major themes and thought. The achievement of modern Indonesian literature in expressing the aspirations of the Indonesians would be evaluated. The dynamics between art, literature and society would be inquired into in the light of literary and cultural theories. The module aims not only at an understanding and appreciation of modern Indonesian literature but also the historical, cultural and intellectual experience of Indonesia as an evolving nation as reflected in literature. The module is beneficial for both students of Southeast Asian literature as well as its society and culture.