This module investigates the role of Islam in the contemporary Malay world in an historical and comparative manner. The focus is on contemporary Muslim movements while the historical background is discussed to provide the necessary context for the understanding of the origins of the current Muslim revival. The module also looks at the nature and function of Muslim reform in Malay society in the socio, political, economic and legal arenas. Comparative references to similar phenomena in other parts of the Muslim world are made. Empirical cases are discussed in the context of theoretical problems raised in the social scientific study of religion.