This module introduces to students some major approaches to comparative politics, including system perspective, case study, comparative approach, rational choice, and cultural approach. Specific cases are used to illustrate how people have applied these approaches in research. It also covers selected topics in comparative politics, such as democratisation and democratic consolidation, revolution, and ethnic conflicts. Much of the discussion will be based on specific cases. This introductory module is offered to students who want to gain basic knowledge of comparative politics.