This module explores the intersection of ageing, gender, and culture, how people experience ageing, and how society views ageing differently across gender and culture. The social stratification accumulated throughout one’s life course results in extensive diversity in old age experiences. Men and women experience ageing differently vis-à-vis family relationships and economic status. The social status of old age varies between Asian societies where filial piety holds strong, and Western societies where youth is equated with beauty and productivity. This module delineates the diversity of experiences and explores the causes and consequences of social stratification by employing critical theories on ageing.