Focusing upon disasters and responses, this module interrogates the core issues underlying humanitarian interventions and development programs. This includes consideration of environmental and social vulnerabilities, resilience, local capacities, the roles of beneficiaries, governments and NGOs, aid governance, and accountability. The module draws upon literature from a wide range of disciplines to contextualize the diversity of theoretical and practical approaches involved in complex humanitarian emergencies. The module utilizes extensive problem-based learning in which students engage with real world scenarios. The module is aimed for students interested in the inner workings of government, NGO and beneficiary interaction in humanitarian and development situations.